From The University of Scranton Research Guides
Many people assume that if an image or video is freely available on the Internet, that means they can use it however they want. Most of the content on the web, though, is protected by copyright restrictions. How do you know what you can appropriately use?
United States copyright law allows you to use copyrighted works for educational purposes, without securing permission from the original creator, in very limited ways. However, fair use is kind of a murky area.
Some guidance on fair use:
Creative Commons and Public Domain
Instead of relying on fair use, you can also search for images or videos that have Creative Commons licenses. The creators of these materials have decided to allow others to share, remix, or otherwise use their content, under certain conditions that are described in their CC license. Always check the license to understand what those conditions are.
Some materials are in the public domain, which means they are owned by the public, so their use is unrestricted by intellectual property laws. You can always use public domain resources without obtaining permission from the original creator. Works published in the United States before 1923 are in the public domain, as are most U.S. governmental publications. For other published and unpublished works, public domain status can be a little more complicated.
Where to Search for Images
Where to Search for Music and Video
Other Useful Tools
No matter what the copyright status of the materials you use in your digital storytelling, always be sure to credit your source. Check out the Purdue Online Writing Lab for help citing electronic resources in APA format.
The Colgate Visual Resources Library has suggested this format for citing Flickr photos in APA style:
The University of Illinois Library has some good advice on citing YouTube videos:
"With YouTube videos, it is important to distinguish between the creator of the content and the person who posted the content. If the creator of the video is credited, put their name in the author position (Creator). Next include the name or screen name of the person who posted the video (Poster), followed by the date posted, the title, and the URL. If no creator is listed, put the poster in the first spot."
APA citation of interviews is a little complicated. The APA manual says that unpublished interviews (e.g., you conduct your own interview with someone and don't publish it anywhere) only need to be cited "in text" rather than in a final reference list. But your digital story doesn't really have "in text" citations. What I'd like to see is a citation for your interview *somewhere*, whether it's typed somewhere in your digital story before, during, or after the interview clip. Here's the format (with Y. Martel being the person you're interviewing):